Today we celebrate the 239th birthday of the United States Navy. According to Naval History and Heritage Command (http://www.history.navy.mil/), on Friday, October 13, 1775, the Continental Congress voted to fit out two sailing vessels, armed with ten carriage guns, as well as swivel guns, and manned by crews of eighty, to send them out on a cruise of three months to intercept transports carrying munitions and stores to the British army in America. This was the original legislation out of which the Continental Navy grew and as such constitutes the birth certificate of the navy.
Americans first took up arms in the spring of 1775, not to sever their relationship with the king, but to defend their rights within the British Empire. By the autumn of 1775, the British North American colonies from Maine to Georgia were in open rebellion. In October 1775 the British held superiority at sea, from which they threatened to stop up the colonies’ trade and to wreak destruction on seaside settlements. In response, a few of the states had commissioned small fleets of their own for defense of local waters. Congress had not yet authorized privateering.
The Continental Navy grew into an important force. Within a few days, Congress established a Naval Committee charged with equipping a fleet. This committee directed the purchasing, outfitting, manning, and operations of the first ships of the new navy, drafted subsequent naval legislation, and prepared rules and regulations to govern the Continental Navy’s conduct and internal administration.The Continental Navy began the proud tradition carried on today by our United States Navy, and whose birthday we celebrate each year in October.
The Naval Academy, also known as USNA or Annapolis, was founded in 1845 by the Secretary of the Navy, George Bancroft, in what is now historic Annapolis, Maryland. http://capitolescapes.com/the-united-states-naval-academy/.