Yay! I get to write about one of my favorite foods…peanut butter! November is National Peanut Butter Lovers Month. What is your favorite way to serve up good ole fashioned peanut butter? This food paste which is primarily made from ground dry roasted peanuts comes in a variety of great healthy eating options and surprising benefits. George Washington Carver, an American botanist and inventor, promoted alternative crops such as peanuts, soybeans, sweet potatoes and cotton as sources for food and to produce other products to improve the quality of life.
According to Wikipedia,
From 1915 to 1923, Carver concentrated on researching and experimenting with new uses for peanuts, sweet potatoes, soybeans, pecans, and other crops, as well as having his assistants research and compile existing uses. This work, and especially his speaking to a national conference of the Peanut Growers Association in 1920 and in testimony before Congress in 1921 to support passage of a tariff on imported peanuts, brought him wide publicity and increasing renown. In these years, he became one of the most well-known African-Americans of his time.
In 1932 the writer James Saxon Childers wrote that Carver and his peanut products were almost solely responsible for the rise in U.S. peanut production after the boll weevil devastated the American cotton crop beginning about 1892.
Carver marketed a few of his peanut products. The Carver Penol Company sold a mixture of creosote and peanuts as a patent medicine for respiratory diseases such as tuberculosis. Other ventures were The Carver Products Company and the Carvoline Company. Carvoline Antiseptic Hair Dressing was a mix of peanut oil and lanolin. Carvoline Rubbing Oil was a peanut oil for massages.
By the time Carver published “How to Grow the Peanut and 105 Ways of Preparing it For Human Consumption” in 1916, many methods of preparation of peanut butter had been developed or patented by various pharmacists, doctors and food scientists working in the US and Canada. The Aztec were known to have made peanut butter from ground peanuts as early as the 15th century. Canadian pharmacist Marcellus Gilmore Edson was awarded U.S. Patent 306,727 (for its manufacture) in 1884, 12 years before Carver began his work at Tuskeegee.
Peanut butter is mainly used as a sandwich spread, but is also used as an ingredient in cookies, candies, breads, sauces, milk shakes and other delectable recipes. In World War II, peanut butter was also referred to as Monkey Butter. Peanut butter must contain at least 90% peanuts, but if not it is called peanut spread. Check out the health benefits of peanut butter from Prevention.com. http://www.prevention.com/food/smart-shopping/healthy-eating-why-peanut-butter-good-you. So for all of you peanut butter loving addicts out there…Happy Peanut Butter Lovers Month!