“A strong woman is one who feels deeply and loves fiercely. Her tears flow as abundantly as her laughter. A strong woman is both soft and powerful, she is both practical and spiritual. A strong woman in her essence is a gift to the world.”
As we continue celebrating National Women’s History Month, we peek into the life of Susan B. Anthony.
I distrust those people who know so well what God wants them to do, because I notice it always coincides with their own desires. -Susan B. Anthony
Susan Brownell Anthony (February 15, 1820 – March 13, 1906) was an American pioneer crusader for the woman suffrage movement and president (1892-1900) of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. Born into a politically active Quaker family committed to social equality, she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17. They worked to end slavery (the Abolitionist Movement) and were also part of the temperance movement, which wanted the production and sale of alcohol limited or stopped completely. Anthony was denied a chance to speak at a temperance convention because she was a woman.
Along with activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony founded the National Woman Suffrage Association in 1869. She realized that no one would take women in politics seriously unless they had the right to vote. It wasn’t until 14 years after her death in 1920, that the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, giving all adult women the right to vote, was passed.In recognition of her dedication and hard work, the U.S. Treasury Department put Anthony’s portrait on one dollar coins in 1979, making her the first woman to be so honored.
Today we are celebrating a multi-talented performer who rose above the limitations of Hollywood typecasting to build a career spanning more than six decades. Rita Moreno, born Rosita Dolores Alverío is the first Latina to win an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar and a Tony Award (EGOT). She was born in Humacao, Puerto Rico, and one of her best-known iconic roles was playing Anita in West Side Story.
During a time when decent roles were not created for ethnic actors and actresses, Moreno had to play roles in movies that she considered degrading. Among the better pictures she appeared in was the 1952 classic Singin’ in the Rain and The King and I (1956).
Moreno married Leonard Gordon, a cardiologist who was also her manager. They have one daughter, Fernanda Luisa Fisher, and two grandsons, Justin and Cameron Fisher. Leonard died on June 30, 2010.
Moreno won a 1972 Grammy Award for her contribution to the soundtrack album for The Electric Company, following three years later with a Tony Award as Best Featured Actress in a Musical for “The Ritz” (a role she would reprise in the 1976 film version, The Ritz). She then won Emmy Awards for The Muppet Show (1976) and The Rockford Files (1974).
She has continued to work steadily on screen (both large and small) and on stage, solidifying her reputation as a national treasure. In June 2004 Moreno received the Presidential Medal of Freedom presented by President George W. Bush.
In celebration of National Women’s History Month, we are shining the spotlight on Rita Moreno, a true multi-talented pioneer in movies, television, and theater.
Bon appetit! That was the famous teaser line by the beloved, most widely recognized female American chef who revolutionized American cuisine on her show, The French Chef. Julia Child left an indelible mark on her audience and the food world through her broadcasts on the PBS network. She taught her faithful viewers how easy and enjoyable cooking could be.
Julia Child (August 15, 1912 – August 13, 2004) was born Julia Carolyn McWillams in Pasadena, California, to John and Julia McWilliams. Julia began to study cooking in Beverly Hills, California. She married Paul Cushing Child in September 1946 who introduced her to cooking.
She decided she wanted to learn about French cooking and, after studying the language, she enrolled at the famous Cordon Bleu cooking school. With two fellow students, Simone Beck and Louisette Bertholle, she formed a cooking school called L’Ecole des Trois Gourmandes (School of the Three Gourmets). In 1963, after appearing on a television panel show, Child began a weekly half-hour cooking program called The French Chef. Her work was recognized with a Peabody Award in 1965 and an Emmy Award in 1966.
Today we are featuring a delicious recipe for Ratatouille by famed chef, Julia Child. Bon Appetit!
- Eggplant: 1 lb.
- Zucchini or summer squash: 1 lb.
- Olive oil: 4-6 Tbsp. (divided)
- Salt: 1 tsp.
- Mashed garlic: 2 cloves
- Yellow onions: About 1 1/2 cups or 1/2 lb. (thinly sliced)
- Salt & Pepper: to taste
- Green peppers: 2 (about 1 cup, sliced)
- Minced parsley: 3 Tbsp.
- Red tomatoes: 1 lb. (Make sure they are ripe, firm, seeded, peeled, and juiced!)
- Note: If you are using canned tomatoes, you will need about 1 1/2 cups.
- Peel and cut the eggplant. Make sure you cut eggplant into lengthwise slices that are about 1-inch wide, 3-inch long, and 3/8-inch thick. Scrub the summer squash and cut into pieces the same size as eggplant. Take a bowl and put the vegetables into it. Toss the vegetables with one teaspoon salt.
Set them aside for 30 minutes. Drain every slice and dry with a towel.
- Take a skillet and put four tablespoons of olive oil into it. Sauté the summer squash and eggplant, one layer at a time, for about one minute until the vegetables are slightly browned. Take them out into a dish.
- Cook pepper and onions in the same skillet. Add a couple of tablespoons of olive oil if needed. Cook the vegetables for 10 minutes until they are tender. Add the garlic and season the mixture with salt and pepper.
- Take the tomatoes and slice its pulp into 3/8-inch strips. Layer the tomatoes over pepper and onions, and season them with salt and pepper. Cover the skillet and let the vegetables cook for about 5 minutes on a low heat until the tomatoes start to render their juice. Check the seasoning and raise the heat. Boil the vegetables in the tomato juice until the juice evaporates entirely.
- Take a casserole, about 2½-inch deep, and put 1/3 of the tomato mixture into it. Sprinkle the freshly minced parsley over tomatoes. Next, arrange half of the summer squash and eggplant on top. Layer the remaining tomatoes and parsley. Put the remaining summer squash and eggplant, and finish off with the rest of tomatoes and parsley.
- Cover the casserole and put it on a low heat. Let everything simmer for about 10 minutes. Check it after 10 minutes, and season it if necessary. Raise the heat a little and cook everything for 15 minutes uncovered. Cook until all the juices evaporate. Be very careful about the heat. Avoid the vegetables getting scorch at the bottom of casserole.
Take it out, and serve!
Celebrating Chef Julia Child on #FoodPornFriday during #NationalWomensHistoryMonth!
Fighting for the disenfranchised and victims of injustice was the driving force behind Viola Gregg Liuzzo (1925-1965) who was the first white female Civil Rights Activist killed during the American civil rights movement. She traveled to Alabama in March 1965 to help the Southern Christian Leadership Conference — led by Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.
Liuzzo knew firsthand about the racial injustices that African Americans often suffered in the South, having spent some of her youth in Tennessee and Georgia, among other places. Her decision to go to Alabama was influenced by the “Bloody Sunday” events in Selma.
Not long after her arrival, in an effort to register African-American voters in Selma, Liuzzo was murdered by members of the Ku Klux Klan while driving a black man from Montgomery to Selma. She was the only known white female killed during the Civil Rights Movement.
Years after her brutal murder Viola Gregg Liuzzo was among the 40 civil rights martyrs honored on the Civil Rights Memorial in Montgomery, created in 1989. Two years later, the Women of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference placed a marker where she was killed on Highway 80.
According to Biography.com, in 2004, Paola di Florio showed her documentary on Liuzzo, Home of the Brave, at the Sundance Film Festival. The critically acclaimed film explored Liuzzo’s story as well as the impact of her murder on her children. The children had sued the federal government over her murder, but their case was eventually dismissed. In 2006, Liuzzo was also inducted into the Michigan Hall of Fame.
For the bravery of women like Viola Gregg Liuzzo who fought for justice in a hateful and racially hostile environment, we salute you as we celebrate #NationalWomensHistoryMonth!
Colonel Carmen Amelia Robles (born Amelia Robles Ávila, November 3, 1889 – December 9, 1984), an Afro Mexican woman was a leader in the Mexican Revolution who fought alongside Emiliano Zapata. General Emiliano Zapata Salazar was a leading figure in the Mexican Revolution who made alliances with battalions of Afro-Mexicans. These battalions included Afro-Mexican widows from Guerrero who also became soldiers.
Robles adopted a male identity not as a survival strategy but because of a strong desire to be a man. She dressed like a man of the times and assumed a more masculine stature fighting alongside men as did many women during this period. According to legend, she participated in many battles and could shoot her pistol with her right hand while holding her cigar in her left. Her male identity was accepted by family, society, and the Mexican government, and Robles lived as a man from the age of 24 until death.
According to a former neighbor, if anyone called Robles a woman or “Doña”, Robles would threaten them with a pistol. Robles met Angela Torres in Apipilulco in the 1930’s. They later married and adopted a daughter together, named Regula Robles Torres. On his deathbed, Robles requested to receive honors for his military service and to be dressed as a woman in order to commend his soul to God. His death certificate noted that he lost his ability to speak before he died.
Based on the amount of information we were able to extract about Colonel Carmen Amelia Robles, it is evident that Robles was unorthodox, although not an unusual trendsetter for the LGBTQ movement of the 20th century.